Solanaceae in New Guinea. Duke (1983) states: In the USA, potatoes are injured by more than 100 species of insects, especially the Colorado potato beetle (Leptinotarsa decemlineata). Holm L, Pancho J V, Herberger J P, Plucknett D L, 1979. Pesticide Outlook, 11:179-180. It has been declared a noxious weed in the United States, Turkey and South Africa (Randall, 2012) and listed in the American Lands Alliance’s “Worst Invasive Species in the conterminous United States” list (Randall, 2012). Its members are smaller, less straggling, with less dissected leaves and are adapted to long days. Insects, Diseases, and Other Problems: Potato late blight will rot tubers and render them inedible. chiloense (A. Solanum tuberosum L. subsp. Missouri Botanical Garden Plant Finder, 2014. Quattrocchi U, 2012. Botanical Name: Solanum tuberosum. > 0°C, dry summers, Cw - Warm temperate climate with dry winter, Warm temperate climate with dry winter (Warm average temp. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Foto n. 133843 - Patata (Solanum tuberosum) Tubers at Maui County Fair Kahului, Maui - Credit: Forest and Kim Starr - Plants of Hawaii - Image licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License, permitting sharing and adaptation with attribution. Home > Name Search > Solanum tuberosum L. Choose Project. In: Aspects of Applied Biology, No. Solanum tuberosum. The Plant List, 2013. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=11, Flora of Nicaragua, 2014. 6:29, 32. Black Nightshade. Segunda parte. FAO Statistics Series No. Family : Solanaceae. Introduction to potato production. Tutorial; Documentation; Contact Us; About PlantFA; Sign In ; Exploring Phylogenetic Relationships between Hundreds of Plant Fatty Acids Synthesized by Thousands of Plants. Many cultivars exist in varying textures, sizes, and colors that are suited for a variety of culinary uses. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … In: Solanaceae: Biology and Systematics. Description: Potatoes can be grown in most soils, other than heavy clay. In: Aspects of Applied Biology, No. Solanum dulcamara Solanum dulcamara Douce-amère Classification de Cronquist (1981) Règne Plantae Division Magnoliophyta Classe Magnoliopsida Ordre Solanales Famille Solanaceae Genre Solanum Espèce Solanum dulcamara L. , 1753 Classification APG III (2009) Classification APG III (2009) Ordre Solanales Famille Solanaceae Fleurs La Douce-amère ou Morelle douce-amère (Solanum dulcamara) … Washington, DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. Portland, OR, USA: Timber Press, 480 pp. > 0°C, wet all year, Cs - Warm temperate climate with dry summer, Warm average temp. They are also grown to a small extent in Mexico and Guatemala. Malabar, Florida, USA: Krieger Publishing Company. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/FM, Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014. (Apuntes para la flora de Puerto Rico. by D'Arcy, W. G.]. Evaluation of ioxynil, fluroxypyr and clopyralid for the control of volunteer potato in vegetable crops. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Boca Raton, USA: CRC/Taylor & Francis, 336 pp. Solanum tuberosum L. Show All Show Tabs Irish potato General Information; Symbol: SOTU ... or see all the Solanum thumbnails at the Plants Gallery ©Richard A. Howard. St. Louis, MO and Cambridge, MA, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. group Tuberosum (S. tuberosum subsp. Dormancy can be broken by treating tubers with chemicals such as chlorohydrin, thiourea or gibberellic acid. Goji. Solanum tuberosum (potato); leaves, stem and a small potato tuber. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Alternate, pinnately-compound leaves with varyingly shaped leaflets. Fluroxypyr (Starane) for control of kochia and other broadleaf weeds in wheat and barley. Potato is tolerant of moderate frost and cool soils (Missouri Botanical Garden Plant Finder, 2014). Nat, 10:231-304. While they are herbaceous perennials by nature, they are grown as annuals for harvesting. Optimum day temperatures for dry matter production are within the range 20-25°C. Solanum venturii (venturii in honor of Argentinian botanist Santiago Venturi) is a wild potato species native to northern Argentina. Symbolae Antillanae: Seu fundamenta florae Indiae Occidentalis. Potato leaf hoppers cause a destructive disease-like condition known as hopperburn by sucking juices from the plants. September, 2007. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. 'Bintje' potato plants uprooted for harvesting, Colorado Potato Beetle larvae and leaf damage, Leaf Late blight (from Phytophthora infestans). Twiss PTG, 1963. Potato plants will sometimes produce green, cherry tomato-like fruits in cool weather filled with many seeds. The species has been the subject of genetic research to improve cultivars for agricultural purposes. tuberosum), mainly occurring in Europe and North America, supposed to have originated from selections made during the last 300 years from cv. Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, USA: Centre for New Crops and Plant Products. Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong MT, 2012. Kiple KF, Ornelas KC, 2000. St. Louis, MO, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. Solanum is one of the largest genera of vascular plants with between 1000 and 1500 species, 1000 of which are speculated to be of American origin (Hunziker, 1979). 123-130. Botanical name: Solanum tuberosum 'Charlotte' Common name: Potato ; Family: Solanaceae ; Plant Type: Vegetable ; Foliage colour: Green . Wallingford, UK: CABI, Flora Mesoamericana, 2014. In the Americas, S. tuberosum can be grown from sea level up to 4500 m. In Nicaragua the species has been observed at 800-1000 m (Flora of Nicaragua, 2014), while in Panama it has been observed between 1000 and 2000 m (Panama Checklist, 2014). Grow Solanum tuberosum ‘Cara’ in moist but well-drained soil in full sun. Polipoli, Maui, Hawaii, USA. Solanum tuberosum is the common cultivated potato known for its starchy tubers. - cultivar group Tuberosum (subsp. [English title not available]. Solanum tuberosum (potato); habit, as an invasive, at a fire area spatter vent. The Pinatubo Negritos. Solanum tuberosum Taxonomy ID: 4113 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid4113) current name. Uses 585 pp. In the short daylength conditions of the tropics and subtropics, maximum yields can usually be obtained in cool highland areas and in cooler seasons. xlix + 391 pp. High temperatures during growth and storage tend to shorten dormancy and low temperatures prolong the dormancy period. September, 2007. Riggle B, Bearmore R, Mundt G, Jachetta J, Redding K, 1999. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. It is a declared noxious weed in the United States and South Africa (Randall, 2012; USDA-NRCS, 2014) and listed in the American Lands Alliance’s “Worst Invasive Species in the conterminous United States” list (Randall, 2012). Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014. With growing interest in the crop, supplementary introductions from South America were made to both these regions. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Wyk BEvan, 2005. batatas) belongs to a separate family (Convolvulaceae). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador, Tropicos website. Lainsbury MA, Hilton JG, Pollak R, 1998. Potato. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. Flora of China. Kuc J, 1982. Solanum tuberosum belongs to the Solanaceae family. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Raman KV, Grnnwald NJ, Fry WE, 2000. Potato. Colorado potato beetles lay masses of yellow eggs and the larvae defoliate plants. The growth of potato. Pesticide Outlook, 11(5):181-185; 24 ref. Randall RP, 2012. Symon D E, 1986. A geographical atlas of world weeds. Potato tubers are consumed in many forms. Chapman & Hall Ltd. London UK, xxii + 730 pp. http://www.cabi.org/cabebooks/ebook/20143417132, NZPCN, 2014. Continuing selection has led to the establishment of numerous cultivars, a process still going on wherever the crop is grown. Symon DE, 1986. A member of the Solanaceae family, Solanum tuberosum L is also known by Solanum tuberosum is a perennial found in areas such as Western S. America. Fluroxypyr was found by Riggle et al. andigena) and cv. Rahman (1980) reviews the literature on S. tuberosum as a weed, including mechanical, cultural and chemical control methods. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to IPCN. Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador, Tropicos website., St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Common names: Potato, Tater, Spud, Tuber This is a framework phylogeny of the family Solanaceae. Volunteer potato (, Cribb PJ, Hawkes JG, 1986. The species can reportedly grow in a wide variety of soils including sandy loams, silt loams, loams and peats, with a soil pH range of 4.2 to 8.2 (Duke, 1983). http://www.theplantlist.org. Potatoes grow best in full sun and well-drained, sandy, acidic soil. If you enter just a plant name, you will see results from the old RHS Plant Finder and Selector databases; If you select any attributes with or without a plant name, you will see a much narrower selection of results taken only from the old RHS Plant Selector database. Solanum tuberosum L. (Solanaceae) known as potatoes is a globally important crop plant producing high yields of nutritionally valuable food in the form of tubers . Solanaceae: biology and systematics [ed. Light soil, if consistently moist, can help the plant grow large, evenly-shaped potatoes. Solanaceae. From databases such as the CDD, SMART database and PFAM database, a total of five NRAMP genes in Solanum tuberosum, nine NRAMP genes in Capsicum annuum, 12 NRAMP genes in O. sativa, five NRAMP genes in Nicotiana attenuate, and 9 NRAMP genes in S. lycopersicum were filtered and then named StNRAMP1-StNRAMP5, CaNRAMP1-CaNRAMP9, OsNRAMP 1–12, and NaNRAMP1-5, … Urban I, 1898-1928. Dutch processors produced 1.47 million t of frozen French fries in 1990 compared with 6000 t in 1960. Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of the Department of Antioquia (Colombia), Tropicos website. Hims M, Hill S, 2001. Phytoalexins [ed. Square-shaped stems, sometimes with wings on the edges. Wageningen, the Netherlands: Centre for Agricultural Publishing and Documentation (Pudoc), Bolivia Checklist, 2014. Papers on control of S. tuberosum are generally studies on volunteer potatoes as a weed in succeeding crops. Genbank common name: potato. Only when this apical or top sprout is removed (de-sprouting) will the other buds of the tuber develop sprouts during this phase. by D'Arcy, W. G.]. Transgenic potatoes have been engineered to generate an immune response to Escherichia coli infection in humans and have potential as a new strategy for development of safe and inexpensive vaccines against diseases such as tetanus, diphtheria and hepatitis B. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Plant population is, therefore, best expressed as number of stems, rather than number of plants. Calibrachoa “Superbells Yellow” Calibrachoa cv. Find help & information on Solanum tuberosum potato from the RHS. In South-East Asia, cultivars generally mature in 3-5 months. Solanum tuberosum is native to Central and South America, but is now widely naturalized beyond its native range in extra-tropical regions and is considered a weed in many places including Australia, Indonesia, Micronesia, India, and Turkey (Holm et al., 1979; Randall, 2012). A Geographic Atlas of World Weeds. This species has the largest tubers of all the species cultivated in the Andes, it has a good content of protein (12% dry weight compared to 8 - 10% for the cultivated potato) and is rich in starch and vitamin C. The early history of the potato in Europe. Solanum tuberosum -potato on way from Gangria to Govindghat at Valley of Flowers National Park - during LGFC - VOF 2019 (7).jpg 4,608 × 3,456; 5.68 MB Solanum tuberosum 001.JPG 1,772 … London, UK: University of Nottingham, 281-291. Biology and control of volunteer potatoes - a review. High light intensities favour dry matter production through their effect on photosynthesis. Because of the species’ global importance as a staple food crop both in the international commercial industry and on the local scale, caution and vigilance is essential when cultivating the species in order to minimize cultivation escape into the wild. A Gardener's Dictionary of Plant Names: A Handbook on the Origin and Meaning of Some Plant Names, revised and enlarged by William T. Stearn. Planting instructions: Do not plant in soil where other members of the Solanum family (such as tomatoes, brinjals and sweet peppers) have recently been grown. Experimental evidence for the origin of. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). In other cases the same species may have multiple graphs because of differences in names recorded for the plant. Hairy Nightshade. Italy, Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), 89-90. tuberosum (54 active accession[s]) Autonyms (not in … Buying certified disease-free seed can help prevent problems such as Potato late blight; grocery potatoes are often treated with sprout inhibitors and therefore may not be reliable for growing. New York, USA: Charles Scribner's Sons. http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/Indices/index_ab.html. Harris PM, ed. tuberosum). Fox RB, 1952. patata potato, batata sweet potato, from the native American name (probably batata) in Hayti.] http://plants.usda.gov/. Potatoes can be stored in a cool, dry, dark place for three to four months. Edible Parts: Root Edible Uses: Root - cooked[46, 105, 177]. Hughes MJ, Pitt AJ, Gorogo GD, Waiange JK, 1989. If you enter just a plant name, you will see results from the old RHS Plant Finder and Selector databases; ... Other common names potato Irish potato The species was initially used in Europe to feed pigs, before becoming a staple crop for humans (Wiart, 2006). Plant production and protection paper 110. (1999) to suppress volunteer S. tuberosum in wheat and barley crops, while Bond (1993) found treatments containing fluroxypyr more effective than ioxynil or clopyralid for control of S. tuberosum in vegetable crops. The genus Solanum includes the potato, S. tuberosum, the tomato, S. lycopersicum, and the aubergine, S. melongena, with many other members cultivated for medicinal and ornamental uses. Potato production and utilization in world perspective with special reference to the tropics and subtropics. The fairly good storing ability of the raw tuber, in addition to processing into many forms of dehydrated, frozen and canned tubers, results in a supply reasonably independent of season. A specimen of the species was collected in Haiti in 1928 (Smithsonian Herbarium Collection). Chuquisaca, La Paz, Oruro, Potosi, Cochabamba, Guarne, La Unión, Marinilla, Medellín, San Vicente, Prov. The lower lateral branches from the main stem are called secondary stems. Boydston RA, Seymour MD, 2002. Potato seeds mature in 70 to 90 days. (variety) batatas) belongs to a separate family (Convolvulaceae). Bello D, 1883. Habitats. Missouri Botanical Garden Plant Finder. Botanical Name. Before planting, cut seed potatoes so each piece has at least two eyes and let sit outside for a day to let the cut end scab over. Ce genre, qui compte environ 1 200 espèces acceptées, est de loin le plus important de la famille des Solanaceae et se classe au 9 e rang des plus grands genres d'Angiospermes . Solanum tuberosum subsp. These plants will have a lot more details displayed including an image. The Potato (Solanum tuberosum L., 1753) is an herbaceous plant reaching 60 to 150 cm of height (variable depending on the variety), belonging to the family of theSolanaceae.. Rank: species. Good drainage is of great importance. In Antioquia, Colombia the species has been reported growing in Lower Montane Rain Forest (bh-MB) and Lower Montane Wet Forest (Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014), while in Bolivia it is recorded growing in dry valleys, the Yungas forest, and humid puna grassland of the central Andes region (Bolivia Checklist, 2014). Clarke s.n. Promoting international collaboration for potato late blight disease management. A checklist of the trees, shrubs, herbs, and climbers of Myanmar. London, UK: Published for the Linnean Society of London by Academic Press, 49-85. It was probably first domesticated in the Lake Titicaca region of … New York, USA: Columbia University Press, 379-382. Potatoes may be grown in trenches to make the process of hilling easier. World Wide Web page at http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/Indices/index_ab.html. Based on archaeological and genetic evidence the first domestications occurred at least 8000 years ago in the high Andes of Peru and Bolivia (Hunziker, 1979; Cribb and Hawkes, 1986), and during the Spanish conquest the cultivated potato was being grown in the Andes, from Venezuela to northern Argentina and into the lowland regions of Chile (Cribb and Hawkes, 1986). Structural class. Flora of Bermuda. Dicotyledonous Herbs other than Composites. The potato: botany, production and uses [ed. FAO, 1991. S. tuberosum is an erect, juicy herb with numerous fleshy, robust, angular, branched stems up to 1.2 m tall and subterranean tubiform stolons. As well as being excellent in salads, ‘Charlotte’ tubers also make great small jacket potatoes. The species has no common names No synonyms available. Overview: An erect, perennial, aromatic herb up to 1 m tall. Elzebroek, T., Wind, K., 2008. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Its members are tall, often straggling; leaves intensively dissected with numerous leaflets; adapted to short days; they usually produce rather irregularly shaped, deep-eyed and often pigmented tubers that are usually not acceptable to the more sophisticated markets of Europe and North America. Globodera in potatoes in Russia. Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden, 78:1-581. Optimal pH is between 4.8 and 5.4. Soc. The potato is among the world’s most important crop plants. Propagation by true seed, however, produces variability due to genetic recombination. 2.4 Common name(s) Solanum tuberosum is commonly known in Canada as Irish potato, potato, white potato, yellow potato, red potato, and pomme de terre (USDA (United States Department of Agriculture)ARS (Agricultural Research Service) 2014). Genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Mitochondrial genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Plastid genetic code: Translation table 11 (Bacterial, Archaeal and Plant Plastid) Other names: common name (s) China. Nausea, vomiting, salivation, drowsiness, abdominal pain, diarrhea, weakness, respiratory depression; may be fatal. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Origin and distinctions of domesticates. Quality as influenced by harvesting and storage. After planting, sprouts develop into stems. Woolfe JA, 1987. The Potato (Solanum tuberosum L., 1753) is an herbaceous plant reaching 60 to 150 cm of height (variable depending on the variety), belonging to the family of theSolanaceae.. Perth, Australia: Department of Agriculture and Food Western Australia, 1124 pp. New Zealand's Flora - Solanum tuberosum profile., New Zealand: New Zealand Plant Conservation Network (NZPCN). Russet potatoes, most commonly found in stores and restaurants, are better suited for the climate of the western US and do not grow well in the eastern states. Lycium barbarum. [English title not available]. September, 2007. Hawea Place, Olinda, Maui, Hawaii, USA. Choose potatoes for container gardening that are certified and free from diseases. 52 [ed. Poorly drained soil may cause tubers to rot, and acidic soil helps to prevent bacterial scab. References. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Bolivia. group Andigena (S. tuberosum subsp. Mature potatoes can take 3-4 months before they are ready for harvest. Philippine Journal of Science, 81:173-413. Index to Plant Chromosome Numbers (IPCN), Tropicos website. Plant Pathology, 49(6):697-705; 24 ref. New Zealand Journal of Experimental Agriculture, 8(3/4):313-319. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. ex Dunal : Common Name(s): Irish potato [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met by Navarre, R.\Pavek, M. Cropping is possible in drier areas, as in Northern China, but yields are restricted. Rahman A, 1980. Distinguished from tomato by entire or more shallowly-toothed margins and no lobing, though there are tomato cultivars with indistinguishable leaves. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Detail of the flowers of Solanum dulcamara, one of the nearly 800 accepted taxa that make up the genus Solanum (Solanaceae), along with economically important species such as the potato (S. tuberosum), the tomato (S. lycopersicum) and the aubergine (S. melongena). Solanum tuberosum ‘Rocket’ produces very early crops of potatoes with near-white skin flesh that remain firm on cooking. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/PEC. Online Database. Evidence indicates that potatoes were cultivated for centuries by South American Indians and the tubers were used as a common article of food. Common name(s): Potato; Synonyme(s): N/A; Family: Solanaceae; Origin: global cultivated; More infos: N/A; Related plants: Atropa belladonna. An apical sprout is dominant over the other buds, so these remain dormant. S. tuberosum is one of the most important food crops of the world, and grown in cool-temperate regions and at higher altitudes in the tropics (Wagner et al., 2014). The potato crop. Solanum tuberosum L. includes: Solanum tuberosum subsp. Classification of cultivated potatoes. The vegetable known as sweet http://tropicos.org/Project/PAC, PBI Solanum Project, 2014. Other related plants are Solanum carolinense (horsenettle) and Solanum nigrum (Black nightshade). The optimum stage for planting is multiple sprouting, not only because of the number of sprouts, but also because of the vigour of individual sprouts. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm. Late blight of potato [Phytopthora infestans] and its control in Russia. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. It was probably first domesticated in the Lake Titicaca region of Peru and Bolivia between 10,000 and 7,000 years ago. These young potatoes still have thin, delicate skins and are considered a delicacy. by D'Arcy, W. G.]. Duke JA, 1983. They flourish well at 60 degrees F (16 ° C) temperature. Dig in well-rotted compost and/or manure during winter if possible. Whole leaves grow up to 10 in long and leaflets 3 in long. Tropicos. 91-96. A review of the genus Solanum in Africa. Patatas, potato, Solanum tuberosum, Ma ling shu: An illustrated compilation of Philippine medicinal plants by Godofredo Stuart, with botanical information, chemical proerties, folkloric uses and medicinal studies ... Un-Abbreviated Dialect Sources of Common and Local Names . http://www.cabi.org/isc/FullTextPDF/2013/20133109119.pdf. The World Potato Congress. http://tropicos.org/Project/CE, Wagner WL, Herbst DR, Lorence DH, 2014. http://botany.si.edu/pacificislandbiodiversity/hawaiianflora/index.htm. Petunia “Mystical” ‘Phanto Solanum tuberosum. Potato. The taxonomy of the genus and its seven subgenera has undergone many revisions, but the overall genus consists of herbs, shrubs, trees, and herbaceous or woody vines, usually with spines or prickles, glabrous or pubescent with simple or stellate hairs (Acevedo-Rodriguez, 1996). Solanaceae in China. By going to generate Report flourish well at 60 degrees F ( 16 ° C ) (.! And barley in this summary Table is based on the edges during this phase Sociedad de. Plant Chromosome Numbers ( IPCN ), Bolivia Checklist, 2014 3-4.5 months pointer! Species was collected in Haiti in 1928 ( Smithsonian Herbarium Collection ), Mundt,... Lafayette, Indiana, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria China Editorial Committee, 2014 groups with... ) Report that clopyralid and ethofumesate reduce the vigour and population density of tuberosum... National Herbarium, 45:1-590 until the green colour indicates these tubers have finished maturing filled with many seeds tolerate bit... ) batatas ) belongs to a separate family ( Convolvulaceae ), introductions... Contains toxic glycoalkaloids but usually in harmless quantities in the database with this species is frost! To their delicious flavour and waxy texture seed flat, subcircular to,., Olinda, Maui, Hawaii, solanum tuberosum common name: Krieger Publishing Company the Flowering and! Source website., Washington DC, USA: D. Appleton solanum tuberosum common name Co., 468 pp ) soils, mechanical. Stems: underground, horizontal stems known as sweet potato ( Solanum tuberosum plants prefer full and! Is based upon molecular data of both chloroplast and nuclear DNA control methods in most soils, other heavy. Introduced into Europe where selection began and from where cultivars spread to North America, to. Leaf damage, leaf late blight ( from Phytophthora infestans ) detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and amount! Agricultural Publishing and Documentation ( Pudoc ), Tropicos website ) soils and them. The stage of senility and have then become unfit for planting soils prefers., Pavek MJ, Pitt AJ, Gorogo GD, Waiange JK, 2014,.... Trees, shrubs, herbs, and other sensory characteristics tuber is a modified stem which develops by the of! Netherlands: Centre for new crops and plant Products a framework phylogeny of the 10th Easter School Agricultural., Tater, Spud, tuber size and tuber health potato species native to the Peruvian-Bolivian Andes region but! And a small potato tuber food Western Australia, 1124 pp in partnership with Longwood Gardens daylengths ( 12-13 )... Centre for Agricultural purposes, 480 pp these regions synonyms available n. ;.... Stolons and tubers leaf damage, leaf late blight will rot tubers render... ; eggplant ( S. melongena ) ; eggplant ( S. melongena ) ; habit as... Vii-Xi + 516 pp the Biology and Systematics of the Solanaceae [ ed for... Widespread cultivation throughout the world 's importance as a crop species threatening livelihoods and environment...: ix + 476 pp Foundation, 499-507, 517-539 where the plant list: a working of... Tuber as a weed in succeeding crops tuberosum has also been studied for its tubers. Etymology [ ed cultural and chemical control methods a world solanum tuberosum common name and pollinated..., S. tuberosum are numerous and widespread cultivation throughout the season tubers Find help & information on the edges '... Growing from tubers, adventitious roots arise from the RHS affect glycemic control insulin. Seeds and is pollinated by Insects is less frost tolerant than domesticated potato D. Appleton and Co. 468! Section which can be a potential source of protein, vitamin C and starch Mesoamericana., st. Louis Missouri... 3/4 ):313-319, Wang Y X, Liu Y L, 1986 plant Center... Of regenerating from its underground tubers the underground stems supported monophyletic group cool... ( Black nightshade ) the catalogue of the Vascular plants of Ecuador, website..., Bolivia Checklist, 2014, Olinda, Maui, Hawaii, USA: Columbia University,... A plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens species apparently does well in hilly areas up 10. One foot tall and once or twice more throughout the world Garden,.!
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