1649-1660 little immigration because England was mainly Puritan. July 24, 1847 They had embarked on a treacherous thousand-mile journey, looking for a new place to settle the "Promised Land." Period 5 (Expansion, Regional Separation, the Civil War and Its Aftermath, 1844-1877) 1845: John O’Sullivan declares America’s Manifest Destiny. Also known as the "Lone Star Republic," was an independent sovereignty in North American from 1836 to 1846 as a result of the Texan Revolution. A siege during the Texan Revolution that was the first major defeat for the American settlers and resulted in the death of Davey Crockett. In the late 1630s, with the Great Migration in full swing and new arrivals clamoring for admission to the churches, such "merit mongers" were excluded, thereby limiting church membership to the community's "visible saints." It ran for more than 3 decades. ... and it collapsed after a fire in 1847. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The U.S army killed about 200 Cheyenne during the conflict, the treaty requiring the Sioux to live on a reservation along the Missouri River, also known as Little Bighorn; General Custer and his men were wiped out by a coalition of Sioux and Cheyenne Indians led by Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse, Leader of Nez Perce. Popular enthusiasm for U.S. expansion, bolstered by economic and security interests, resulted in the … Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. 1685. page 2 of 3 Brigham Young, (born June 1, 1801, Whitingham, Vermont, U.S.—died August 29, 1877, Salt Lake City, Utah), American religious leader, second president of the Mormon church, and colonizer who significantly influenced the development of the American West.. A carpenter, joiner, painter, and glazier, Young settled in 1829 at Mendon, New York, near where the Book of Mormon was … The Presidential winner of the 1844 Election. Young not only directed the migration of sixteen thousand Mormons from Illinois to Utah in 1846-1852 but also established the Perpetual Emigrating … The east-west route American pioneers used to migrate to the Oregon County. Mormons settled in Utah in 1847, and received criticism in 1852 for their advocacy of polygamy. Completed in 1869 at Promontory, Utah, it linked the eastern railroad system with California's railroad system, revolutionizing transportation in the west. He was also later defeated in the Mexican-American War by Winfield Scott after claiming himself president again in 1846. Looking to pass the APUSH Test? 13. 2 05 APUSH (18-22) (1848-1877) (Frameworks) II. 1629-42 Great Puritan Migration. By the end of 1847, nearly 2,000 Mormons had moved to the Great Salt Lake Valley. backed by Roosevelt in 1902, it provided federal funds for the construction of damns, reservoirs, and canals in the West—projects that would open new lands for cultivation and provide cheap electric power later on. Mormon Trails. F. Austin and the American empresarios in Texas. The Alamo later inspired American settlers to achieve victory in the Battle of San Jacinto. A Mormon leader that led his oppressed followers to Utah in 1846. 13. The son of Moses Austin, who ensured that the Mexican government followed through its deal with his father in 1823 in return for his renunciation of his American citizenship. Polk won the election after James Birney denied Henry Clay of much needed votes in New York. It included Indians chasing buffalo, performing a war dance, and attacking settlers' cabins. Besides the specialization of industry (such as textile spinning), the North experienced the specialization of commerce and farming. APUSH Review Book Name . THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH... Chapter 15 vocab APUSH. A term referring to the American miners who migrated to California in 1849 after the discovery of Californian gold. 1649 Act of Toleration protects Christians. 24: 1388285920: Franklin Pierce: Democrat (1853-1857), Candidate from the North who could please the South. He was captured by Sam Houston's army at the Battle of San Jacinto, and was forced to sign the Treaties of Velasco. 1. play, The Salt Lake City Valley in 1847. A stagecoach and wagon trail used by American pioneers beginning in the 1820's to migrate to Oregon, California, and Wyoming. 1846-1848 - Mexican-American War - Because of border disputes, unpaid claims, rejection of John Slidell (envoy sent to buy CA), and attack on Taylor’s troops. The President who pursued a policy of annexing both Oregon and Texas. Substantial numbers of international migrants continued to arrive in the United States from Europe and Asia, mainly from Ireland and Germany, often settling in ethnic communities where … A decade later, the Great Migration was over and applications down, some of the saints began to have second thoughts. Buffalo Bill began a Wild West show in 1883. There were some casualties, mostly non … 1. map, Pioneers Colonize Utah. New York = colony-Pennsylvania William Penn Quaker The trail began in Missouri and ended at Santa Fe, New Mexico. Founded Mormonism in New York in 1830 with the guidance of an angel. Term used to describe the several conflicts with Indians during the 1860s & 1870s as Americans began to encroach upon the Indian owned land instead of just passing through it on their way west. The American military officer who captured Santa Fe without any large opposition, and combined his forces with that of Captain John Fremont in California to eventually conquer Mexican-held California. In the 1840s and 1850s, Americans continued to debate questions about rights and citizenship for various groups of U.S. inhabitants. A term referring to a massive migration of people intending to make profit from gold mining. Brigham encouraged Mormon settlers to migrant to Utah, but discouraged non-Mormons from settling in Mormon territory with organized boycotts. A vast area of grassland owned by the federal government where ranchers could graze their herds for free. https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/Utah_Emigration_and_Immigration A young American farmer who established the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints based on revelations he experienced. 2. handout, Colonization of Utah and Surrounding States. However, they were targeted by other Christians who disagreed with Mormon practices such as polygamy. The Supreme Court act that led to the legalization of labor unions. Chivington ignored the gestures. Wagon train crossing the Platte River 1840s-1850s. Led the Mormons to Utah (1846-1847). The day they arrived in Utah is still celebrated today. Cannibalism was resorted to for survival after being trapped in a deadly snowstorm. Stephen. A machine invented by Samuel Morse which allowed for a drastic increase of communication speed and efficiency through signaling technology. A radical reformer who lead the homestead movement and whose actions eventually led to the Homestead Act of 1862. They were involved in the Mountain Meadow Massacre in 1857 after President Buchanan sent 2500 American troops to suppress a supposed Mormon uprising. Courtesy: Special Collections Dept., J. Willard Marriott Library, University of Utah. Spanish military settlements and colonies were people of mostly mixed Hispanic descent lived and settled in California. 1891- Western farmers supported this. Entire cities could special in specific commodities (Rochester became a milling center). In 1847, Young and the other pioneers reached Utah’s Salt Lake Valley. Mormons settled in Utah in 1847, and received criticism in 1852 for their advocacy of polygamy. Became the leader of the Mormons after Joseph Smith died. Start studying APUSH Ch. Mormon trail to utah lesson plans and worksheets from thousands of teacher-reviewed resources to help you inspire students learning. Fearful of papal power in America due to Irish and German immigrants, the Know-Nothing Party (which got its name from the "I know nothing" phrase its original members would answer to all questions) was triumphant in the North thanks to native Anglo-Saxon-Protestant voters. Not because of racial equality, but more for equal labor for white settlers. Revolutions in transportation and communication altered American commerce. A Desert Zion in Utah. The Oregon Trail was founded by fur traders and mountain men. Founded in 1822 by William Becknell, the Santa Fe Trail was the first international trail from the US to Mexico. Included people from many Indian nations including Cheyenne, Arapahos, Piutes, and Sioux. However, US troops came and fought and brought them back down to reservations, Indian tribe led by Chief Joseph; ordered onto a reservation in Idaho in 1877, they fled instead; after giving up they were removed to a reservation in Oklahoma. ... Mormons had set up independent state in Utah. The war between American settlers and the Mexican government under Santa Anna from 1835 to 1836 that culminated in the independence of Texas. He came up with Mormon or Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints antagonism toward Mormons emerged due to their polygamy, drilling militia, and voting as a unit; The land deals the Mexican government brokered to American settlers according to its Colonization Laws. The "Free-Soilers" were anti-slavery Whigs and members from the Liberty Party who banded together to prevent slavery from spreading westwards. A failed proposal David Wilmot proposed to both houses of Congress in 1846 calling for the restriction of slavery in territory captured from Mexico. ... What major trails were used for westward migration of the American people during the nineteenth century? Due to the hostility shown towards the Mormons, he decided they … The tenth president of the US who proposed Texas' admission to the Union after James Polk's election. Slavery becomes outlawed in Washington D.C., California is admitted as a free state, and Utah and New Mexico will determine whether slavery is allowed through popular sovereignty. ... Granted any settler 160 acres to live on and care for for 5 years, had to improve land. Also known as the "Bear Flag Republic," is the term given to the revolt against the Mexican government by American settlers in California in 1846 by John Fremont. John C. Fremont and the Bear Flag Republic. These shows represented the Natives losing their identities. Polk and the Democratic Party gained votes by calling for the annexation and occupation of Texas and Oregon. The Californian Gold Rush populated California with "forty-niners" and transformed California into a very Americanized society. He signed the Texan Annexation three days before leaving office. The Mormon polygamy customs delayed Utah's statehood until 1896. He late helped developed what is now known as the Morse Code. Pioneer Pathways to Zion, 1846–1890. First he waved the America Flag and the White flag of surrender. The Cheyenne under Chief Black kettle tried to surrender. Start studying APUSH Ch. Was stern and austere. Once Woodruff had formally renounced polygamy on behalf of the LDS, Congress’ attitude changed greatly, and the path to … the regulated harvesting of timber, mining of mineral resources, and use of water on forest reservations may be permitted by the Secretary of the Interior. Unable to control the hierarchy of Young, Washington sent a federal army in 1857 against the harassing Mormons. The Mexican general and president who attempted to clamp down on the Texan Revolution in 1835. The economic revolution in the US from 1793 to 1809 the economic and labor structure from self-sufficiency to a capitalist-style market economy. Chapter 13. A Virginian inventor who created a horse-drawn reaping device that allowed a greater harvest of wheat compared to handheld tools. The vice-president who advised the South against the Clay's compromises of 1850. US government against them. The peace treaty signed by the interim government of the captured Mexico City and the US that ended the Mexican-American War in 1848. Although they lost their first election, they won 10 percent of the nation's votes, which was an astounding precedent for the party. In Colorado territory in 1864, U.S army colonel John M. Chivington led a surprise attack on a peaceful Cheyenne settlement along Sand Creek River. Many people believed it was apart of God’s plan. Granted the Omaha Indians the right to individually own land. Then they sent word back to their fellow members describing the two-square-mile city they had settled. Tyler proposed the annexation of Texas after Polk's election, and signed the measure that dictated Texas' annexation and would later cause the Mexican-American War three days before he left office. Author Nathaniel Hawthorne and others become disenchanted with the experiment, and it collapsed after a fire in 1847. Successor to the Mormons after the death of Joseph Smith; responsible for the survival of the sect and its establishment in Salt Lake City, Utah, Case in which polygamist lost, freedom to worship but not practice, passed in 1882 by Congress, this effectively disfranchised those who believed in or practiced polygamy and threatened them with fines and imprisonment, 1887 act which destroyed the temporal power of the Mormon Church by confiscating all assets over $50,000 and establishing a federal commission to oversee all elections in the Utah territory, an association of prominent whites who got the federal government to grant the group control of millions of acres of land in New Mexico, Organization formed to protect and fight for the rights of Spanish Americans. In June 1845 the leader of the Mormons, Joseph Smith, was murdered. White buffalo hunters wanted buffalo hides. He became the territorial governor in 1850. Utah grew rapidly, and the community became a prosperous frontier theocracy. Fled with his tribe to Canada instead of reservations. The Kiowa, Comanche, Kiowa-Apache, Cheyenne, and Arapaho signed this treaty which stated that these Plains Indians would have to live on reservations, learn to farm rather than roam the prairies, and learn and live the white man's way of life. Led the Mormon Migration to Utah. Led the Mormon Migration to Utah. Timeline of Period 5 1845: Manifest Destiny began becoming a prominent theme in American culture 1846- The Mexican-American War began April 25,1846 when President Polk offered the Mexican government money to buy new territory (California, parts of New Mexico, and Texas) and the Mexican government refused to meet with a US representative. Joseph Smith (1830) claimed to have found golden tablets in NY with the Book of Mormon inscribed on them. 1635. Connecticut gets charter for being a colony-Maryland Lord Baltimore haven for Christians & Catholics. The Utah War (1857–1858), also known as the Utah Expedition, Utah Campaign, Buchanan's Blunder, the Mormon War, or the Mormon Rebellion was an armed confrontation between Mormon settlers in the Utah Territory and the armed forces of the United States government.The confrontation lasted from May 1857 to July 1858. 40 terms. First discovered in 1858 by Henry Comstock, some of the most plentiful and valuable silver was found here, causing many Californians to migrate here, and settle Nevada. Formed in 1847 - 1848, dedicated to opposing slavery in newly acquired territories such as Oregon and ceded Mexican territory. American Pageant ch 15. At first an opponent of Texan independence, he became a Texan revolutionary after being jailed by the Mexican government. A. However, the party collapsed in 1856 as it did not have a strong stance against the issue of slavery. An economic system where the means in which private individuals, groups, or corporations own the means of production, goods are created for profit, markets are based on competition, and laborers are paid by wages. Contents. Former President Van Buren was nominated for the party's president candidate. Also, the Fugitive Slave Law is passed. The idea devised in 1847 allowing residents of western territories deciding for themselves whether slavery in their specified territories should be legal. 1847-Mormoms arrive in Salt Lake Valley, Utah … He based it off of the dime novels about romanticized Natives. 1897 allowed the Secretary of the Interior to manage forest preserves. Utah becomes the 45th state. A Christian sect whose beliefs stem from the revelations of Joseph Smith. Native Americans depended on the buffalo to live. Into the Wilderness, 1846 Routes through California, 1846–1848 Route to the Great Salt Lake, 1847 The Trail in the 1850s From Wagon Roads to Railroads The Mormon polygamy customs delayed Utah's statehood until 1896. It was also the route used by the US military during the American invasion of New Mexico in 1846. APUSH Chapter 17: Manifest Destiny and Its Legacy, 1841-1848 Manifest DestinyThis expression was popular in the 1840s. Chapter 15: The Ferment of Reform and Culture (1790-1860) 55 terms. The Mexican general and president who attempted to clamp down on the Texan Revolution in 1835. F. Where did they settle? Mormon Western Expansion During the 1850s, Young organized the migration of about 16,000 Mormons from Illinois to Utah . The idea of manifest destiny was that America’s destiny was to spread across the continent to spread democracy. Was trained as a lawyer but became an evangelist. 334: was the greatest of the revival preachers. An American inventor who created a steel plow instrumental to the development of the West, because it could break hazardous terrains and did not require efficient and frequent cleaning. The Mormon leader who led the Mormon community into their "Promised Land" in the Salt Lake Valley in Utah. The Indians in return would be protected from white hunters, receive food and clothing, and have its own reservation. The socio-political belief labeled by John L. O'Sullivan which propelled American expansion in the West. The most tragic wagon trail journey in American history, where only 48 members of the original 87 survived. 1893 act giving the state the power to regulate the mines, Brigham Young led the Mormons to Utah in 1846-1847, where they made the desert bloom through ingenious irrigation methods. Farmers stopped growing wide varieties of crop to feed themselves, and instead began specializing in cash crops which could yield much more profit in the market. I. 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