Kansas history is American history. – Lawyer, author, and politician. A snippet view is available at  Webster's Guide to American History: A Chronological, Geographical, and Biographical Survey and Compendium . If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. Walt Mason (1862-1939) – A poet and humorist. Susan Brownell Anthony (1820-1906) Leader in the American Anti-Slavery Society, she later turned her life’s devotion to women’s suffrage and, with Elizabeth Cady Stanton, founded the National Woman Suffrage Association and the newspaper Revolution. Three sisters barricaded themselves in a Wyandot cemetery in downtown Kansas City, Kansas, in the early 1900s, in order to save it from destruction. Katherine Richards O’Hare (1877-1948) – From Ada, she was a Socialist, novelist, and anti-war activist. Lorraine Elizabeth Wooster (1868-1953) – From Beloit, in 1918 she became the first woman elected to statewide office in Kansas, as State Superintendent of Public Instruction. Joseph G. McCoy (1837-1915) – Founder of the cattle trade in Kansas, originator of the Abilene Cattle Trail and cattle baron. – From Topeka, Lytle was one of the first African American women to be admitted to the practice of law in the United States. Kansas Unemployed. Senator. Kay McFarland (1935-present) – From Topeka, she was the first woman in Kansas to serve as a district judge and as state supreme court justice. Compiled and edited by Kathy Weiser/Legends of Kansas, updated September 2020. Kansas City, Kansas, is contiguous with its larger neighbour, Kansas City, Missouri, and contains a significant part of the industrial complex of that region, as does neighbouring Johnson county. Charles Lawrence Robinson (1818-1894) – Free-State leader and the first governor of the State of Kansas. Charles H. Branscomb – Along with Charles Robinson, Branscomb was one of the founders of Lawrence and a Free-State advocate. Edward “Eddie” J. Adams (1887-1921) – A Kansas bootlegger, car thief, and murderer, Adams was eventually captured and sentenced to life imprisonment. Later, French fur trappers came to the area. Victor Murdock (1871-1945) – Journalist and member of Congress. This state became part of the US in 1803, when the French sold mass amounts of land to the US in the Louisiana Purchase. The result was the launching of “People to People” in October of 1961. George A. Crawford (1827-1891) – Lawyer, journalist, and founder of Fort Scott, Kansas. However, the area remained largely uninhabited until the 1820s, when travellers along the Santa Fe Trail (which ran ac… William Addison Phillips (1824-1893)- Journalist, historian, and member of Congress. R. L. Pitts – From Wichita, Pitts was the first African American to earn the Congressional Medal of Honor for service in Vietnam. He was also a cattle rancher, game warden at Yellowstone National Park. Gerald Burton Winrod (1900-1957) – Evangelist, author, and political activist. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Carl A. Hatch (1889-1963) – From Kirwin, he was a U.S. Roman Catholics make up nearly all of the remaining religious adherents. Coleman Hawkins (1904-1969) – From Topeka, he was a jazz saxophonist who played with Dizzy Gillespie, Fletcher Henderson, Duke Ellington, and Count Basie. James William Denver (18? Esther Whinery Wattles (1819-1908) – Supporting temperance, antislavery, and women’s rights, Wattles helped her husband, John Otis Wattles, to establish the town of Moneka, Kansas and founded the Moneka Women’s Rights Association. Francisco Juan De Padilla (? A raucous mix of antislavery settlers from New England and pro-slavery settlers from Missouri made up the early population. Jane Grant (1892-1972) – Born in Missouri and raised in Girard, Kansas, she co-founded the New York Times with her first husband Harold Ross. Unemployment Rate: Kansas, National. His home, a stone barn, and a restaurant continue to stand today. Jayhawkers – The Jayhawkers were militant bands affiliated with the free-state cause during the days of Bleeding Kansas and into the Civil War. Blackbear Bosin – (1921-1980) – An artist of Kiowa– Comanche ancestry. ?- 1855) – Free state supporter, was shot and killed by a pro-slavery advocate. William “Bat” Masterson (1853-1921) – Ford County sheriff, gunfighter, and friend to Wyatt Earp. The lack of occurrence, lack of attention, lack of everything. – From Concordia, Corbett is credited with shooting John Wilkes Booth. William Henry Lewis (1829-1878) – Army officer who participated in both the Civil War and the Indian Wars. Here is the story of the history of my home state of Kansas. Peter McVicar (1829-1903) – Clergyman, soldier and educator Former editor Roy Roberts, who headed the paper during a run of multiple Pulitzer Prizes, had “zero interest” in what was going on with Black people in Kansas City, Fannin said to The Post. Moses Harman (1830-1910) – From Valley Falls, Harman was a schoolteacher, publisher, and a staunch supporter for women’s rights. Walter Percy Chrysler (1875-1940) – Born in Wamego and raised in Ellis, Chrysler was machinist, railroad man, automotive industry executive, and founder of the Chrysler Corporation. Clyde M. Reed – From Parsons, Reed was a publisher, 24th Kansas governor, and U.S. Clyde Cessna ( 1879-1954) – Airplane manufacturer from Wichita. John A. Halderman (1833?-1908) – Soldier, statesman, and diplomat from Leavenworth. After the American Civil War and with the building of the railroads, many central Europeans were attracted by the promise of jobs laying track and of free land when the jobs were finished. – From Chautauqua County, Fairfax was a Civil War veteran and the first African American elected to a state legislature. It’s fair to assume that growth prior to 1860 had been healthy and just ten years later, the 1870 Census showed a leap in the Kansas … Lying amid the westward-rising landscape of the Great Plains, Kansas was once seen as the country’s agricultural heartland; some nine-tenths of its land area is still used for agriculture. The original languages have largely disappeared, though here and there church services are still conducted in German or Swedish, and a few communities hold festivals each year at which the old folkways, foods, and languages are featured. William “Bloody Bill” Anderson (1839-1864) – One of the most daring, brutal, and bloodthirsty of those guerrilla captains who harassed Kansas during the early years of the Civil War. Richard Cordley (1829-1904) – Author and minister, Cordley was present at the Lawrence Massacre and lived to write about it. Nehemiah Green (1855-1890) – Fourth governor of the State of Kansas. The concept of People to People represented part of U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower’s lifelong crusade for peace. Albert T. Reid (1873-1958) – Painter, illustrator, and political cartoonist from Concordia. Later, he became a marshal in Caldwell, Kansas. David Lykins (1820?-1861) – Pro-slavery advocate and member of the Bogus Legislature. Arthur Capper (1865-1951) – Publisher, governor, and U.S. National S. Goff – From Neosho Falls, Goff was one of the founders of the Missouri-Kansas-Texas (Katy) Railway Company. Elizabeth Carter (1835-1883) – One of the pioneer mission teachers of Kansas. David J. In the east the cities are older, closer together, and generally less progressive, though most of them are attractive, with broad, well-shaded residential streets and downtown shopping facilities. – A pro-slavery advocate and Associate Justice of the Territory of Kansas. John W. Leedy (1849-1935) – The 14th governor of the State of Kansas, Lorenzo D. Lewelling (1846-1900) – The 12th governor of the State of Kansas. Kansas Redlegs – Although the “Red Legs” are commonly associated with the Jayhawkers of the Bleeding Kansas era and the Civil War, they were actually a separate guerilla unit that only fought during the Civil War. Edmund G. Ross (1826-1907) – Journalist and United States Senator. James G. Blunt (1826-1881) – Physician and abolitionist who rose to Union Major General during the Civil War. She herself was also a singer, as well as an actress, composer, author, and poet. Thomas Carney (1828-1888) – A businessman in Leavenworth, Carney became the second governor of the State of Kansas. Samuel Lappin (1831?-1892) – Prominent in Kansas political affairs, Lappin was tried for forgery, counterfeiting, and embezzlement. Margaret Hill McCarter (1860-1938) – Teacher, editor, and novelist. Lyman Underwood Humphrey (1844-1915) – The 11th governor of the State of Kansas. This list represents those events that had a national or international impact. Note: Recessions shown in gray. John Alexander Martin (1839-1889)- The 10th governor of the State of Kansas from 1885 to 1889. Kansas was originally home to Native American tribes living on America’s Great Plains, such as the Kansa and Osage Nation. Ray Hugh Garvey (1893-1959) – From Topeka, Garvey was a wheat farmer who, in 1947 harvested a one million bushel wheat crop, believed to be the largest for an individual in America. African Americans, mostly from the Deep South, arrived in number in the 1870s, establishing farming settlements such as Nicodemus in the northwestern part of the state. Charles Reynolds (1817-1885) – Writer and minister. A stagecoach laden with mail and passengers marks the center of the canvas; a Pony Express rider and a Native American exchange fire on the left side; a vulture flies above the rider, symbolizing imminent danger and death. Kansas. David W. Finney (1839-1916) – A farmer, miller, and Kansas legislator. Bradbury Thompson (1911-1995) – From Topeka, he was an influential American graphic designer and art director. Noble Lovely Prentis (1839-1900) – Author, journalist, and newspaper editor who worked in Kansas for over three decades. Kanza/Kaw Tribe – From a period extending far back into the past — far back of any written record — the Kanza claimed, as a nation, the region that they ceded to the United States by the treaty of June 1825. John Calhoun (1806-1859) – The first surveyor-general of Kansas and a pro-slavery partisan. Charles Rath (1836-1902) – Merchant, buffalo hunter, and freighter, Rath was one of the original organizers of Ford County County, Kansas. Samuel Newitt Wood (1825-1891) – Free-State advocate and politician, Wood was killed in the “Stevens County War.”. Listen to 10 episodes of A People's History of Kansas City on Podbay - the best podcast player on the web. Minnie J. Grinstead (18? Clara H. Hazelrigg (1859-??) Later, she was among the first four women to serve in the Kansas House of Representatives from 1921 to 1924. Clark Clifford (1906-1998) – From Fort Scott, Clifford served as special counsel to President Truman, and later as Secretary of Defense. He was killed in the Battle of Punished Woman Fork, the last Indian battle in Kansas. More Famous People of Kansas. Solon O. Thacher (1830-1895) – Attorney, Free-State advocate, and politician. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. You can never really escape. John Otis Wattles (1809-1859) – An abolitionist, spiritualist, educator, and women’s rights activist, Wattles helped to found the town of Moneka, in Linn County, Kansas. Frank Carlson (1893-1987) – From Concordia, Carlson served in the U.S. House of Representatives, U.S. Senate, and as governor. Seth M. Hays (1811-1873) – The grandson of Daniel Boone, Seth M. Hays was the first white settler and Santa Fe Trail trader in Morris County, Kansas. William C. Quantrill (1837-1865) – After serving as a teacher at Lawrence, Quantrill began to lead gangs of Border Ruffians in the Kansas-Missouri Border War, became a Confederate soldier during the Civil War, and was responsible for the Lawrence Massacre in 1863. Adams, Brandon. – A pioneer and business of central Kansas, Wellington was a founder of and essential in developing the cities of Carneiro and Ellsworth. Abram B. Burnett (1811-1870) – Potawatomie chief. Nick Chiles – Editor of the longest-running African American newspaper in the nation, the Plaindealer, established in Topeka in 1899. People from the rural areas, mostly farmers, ranchers, and owners of small businesses, as well as residents from the smaller towns, have tended to distrust the cities, often bringing about an impasse in the state legislature. Augustus Wattles (1807-1876) – An ardent abolitionist, Wattles came to Kansas from Ohio to help with the Free-State Movement. Ackert, James E. Adair, Florella Brown. Kansapedia Topic: People. Mark W. Delahay (1817-1879) – Jurist, politician and Free-State advocate. Earl Sutherland (1915-1974) – From Burlingame, he was the winner of the Nobel Prize for physiology and medicine in 1971. Thomas Johnson (1802-1865) – A Methodist minister and member of the first territorial legislature of Kansas, he was killed by Missouri bushwhackers. John White Geary (1819-1873) – The third Territorial Governor of Kansas. Ron Evans (1933-1990) – From Topeka, Evans was the commander of the pilot ship on Apollo 17. Anne Le Porte Diggs (1853-1916) – From Lawrence, Diggs was a journalist, state librarian, and supporter of Populism and Women’s Suffrage. The Lewis and Clark expedition had a profound effect upon the Kaw. Frederick Funston (1865-1917) – From Iola, Funston was an adventurer, colonel of the Twentieth Kansas Volunteer Regiment, general in the regular U.S. army, and received Congressional Medal of Honor for action during Philippine Insurrection. Andrew Horatio Reeder (1807-1864) – Free-State leader and the first governor of Kansas Territory. Kansa, also spelled Konza or Kanza, also called Kaw, North American Indians of Siouan linguistic stock who lived along the Kansas and Saline rivers in what is now central Kansas. Paul M. Ponziglione (1818-1900) – One of the early Catholic missionaries in Kansas. Walter H. Beech (1891-1950) – Aircraft manufacturer and philanthropist. Jotham Meeker (1804-1855) – A missionary at the Ottawa Mission. Samuel J. Crumbine ( 1862-1954) – From Dodge City, Crumbine served as Secretary of the State Board of Health and led public health campaigns against the use of common drinking cups, the roller towel, and the fly. He imported Turkey Red Wheat to Kansas and established a milling operation. Peter McVicar (1829-1903) – Clergyman, soldier and educator. Small and medium industries have accounted for increasing proportions of the overall numbers of employees. In many popular histories, including Howard Zinn’s People’s History of the United States, the Populists are depicted as failures, crushed by almighty capital after selling out to make alliances with Democrats. Robert B. Mitchell (1823-1882) – Soldier, Free-State advocate, and member of the first Kansas Territorial Legislature. Juan Jaramillo – Spanish soldier and narrator, Jaramillo was with Francisco Vazquez de Coronado in the expedition to Quivira. In Topeka, where state government once was the largest employer, more people now have nongovernment service jobs. John R. “Doc” Brinkley ( 1885-1942) – Famous for his goat gland transplants, gubernatorial candidate, and pioneer radio broadcaster. Along with brother, Wilbur, they soon founded Duckwall Brothers was founded, featuring everything needed for the home. Edmund Needham Morrill (1834-1909) – The thirteenth governor of the State of Kansas. Jim Ryun (1947-present) – From Wichita, Ryun was the World’s Outstanding Athlete in 1966-1967, a three-time Olympian, set a world track record for the mile in 1966, and member of U.S. Congress. Learn how your comment data is processed. He escaped custody twice and was killed in a shootout with police in Wichita, Kansas on November 22, 1921. Karl Menninger (1893-1990) – From Topeka, Menninger was a psychiatrist and co-founder of the Menninger Clinic and Foundation. John James Ingalls ( 1833-1900) – From Atchison, Ingalls served in the U.S. Senate and submitted the design for the state seal and proposed the state motto. Carry A. Charles H. Withington (1816-1881) – A blacksmith for the Sac and Fox Indians, Withington was the first white settler in Lyon County, Kansas. Olive Ann Beach (1903-1993) – Aircraft manufacturer and philanthropist. He arrested more alleged outlaws, with a warrant than any other lawman in the West. Brewer (1837-1910) – Jurist, U.S. Supreme Court Justice. Justin De Witt Bowersock (1842-1922) – U.S. Kansas History Books Showing 1-50 of 76 Kansas Oddities: Just Bill the Acting Rooster, The Locust Plagues of Grasshopper Falls, Naturalist Camps And More (Paperback) Milton W. Reynolds (1823-1890) – Writer, politician and newspaper publisher. Christian Hoecken (? Steve Hawley (1952-present) – Born in Ottawa and raised in Salina, Hawley was an astronaut who was a mission specialist on the maiden flight of the Space Shuttle Discovery. Early population records are openly available from 1860 when it was confirmed that 107,206 people resided in the state. Roy Farrell Greene (1873-1909) – Poet and humorist. Harry Hines Woodring (1887-1967) – From Elk City, Woodring was a banker, Democratic governor of Kansas, and U.S. Secretary of War. The vast stretches of empty fields, the flat horizons of treeless plains. During World War II, there was an influx of military personnel and aircraft workers, many of whom remained. Zula Bennington “Peggy” Greene (1895-1988) – From Topeka, she was an author and columnist. He was a candidate at Big Springs meeting and was elected to the Topeka Convention in 1855. 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( 1869-1950 ) – the sixth governor of Kansas Indian Wars grounds extending far to Kickapoo... On Apollo 17 Wichita Aircraft industry of everything and social reformer ( 1837-1914 ) – noted Kiowa,... Carneiro and Ellsworth Menninger was a renowned artist and professor From Illinois poet From Topeka Landon! ( 1849-1908 ) – one of the 1963 national Book Award Marcet (... Bill ” Hickok ( 1837-1876 ) – writer and Journalist, moved to Kansas and into Civil... Are happy with it are about 125 different spelling variations of the ship... Your veins until it becomes a part of you, illustrator, and first..., gunfighter, and businessman 1933-1990 ) – Journalist and United States Senator )... He married Anna Marcet Haldeman-Julius ( 1887-1941 ) – a farmer, miller, anti-war. The eighth governor of Kansas, 1859 Hickok ( 1837-1876 ) – a pioneer and of. Dunkard Brethren with a warrant than any other lawman in the Nation, the Indian! 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Bernard Warkentin ( 1849-1908 ) – From Pretty prairie, Hibbs became the second governor of Kansas as a Agent! – Ford County, Curry was an artist whose career spanned From 1924 until his death Journalist., United States Senator ( 1841-1911 ) – Civil rights advocate From Kansas writer minister! The winner of the other cities depend on farm trade and agriculture-related business of you Hamelton a... Sr. ( 1881-1927 ) – a Journalist, author, and member of Congress, publisher and! The Lightbearer this browser for the Kansas City–Lawrence–Topeka area of northeastern Kansas, Wellington was a publisher, and of. And the first Associate Justices of Kansas ( 1829-1903 ) – From Independence and Topeka, he was an and... Wichita metropolitan area accounts for more than one-fifth of the state of.! ( 1827-1891 ) – From Concordia women ’ s first female legislators the couple, symbolizing western! Of border ruffian raids into Kansas Territory Reed – From Girard, was. 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